Peru lies entirely within the tropics and is the third largest country in South America.
It has three major geographic regions: a dry 2,600-kilometer coast on the Pacific, the Andean mountains (with an average altitude of 3,000 meters) and the Amazon basin, which comprises more than 60 percent of the countrys area.
The climate is different in each zone.
The coast is hot and dry during the winter (May-November).
The rest of the year its more cloudy.
The Andes dry season extends from April to October.
From November to April, there is a small temperature drop and it generally rains in the afternoons.
In the Amazon, the dry season also extends from April to October.
Its generally humid and hot.
Perus geographical variety has cultivated a diversity of plants and animals.
There are more than 10,000 varieties of potatoes and the Amazon has more than 1700 types of birds, or almost 20 percent of the total population of birds in the world.
During the past 20 years, at least one new bird species has been discovered each year.
Peru boasts more than 12,000 lakes and 1,700 glaciers.
The beauty of Machu Picchu is indescribable. The "cloud city" was said to be a sacred place for Incan royalty. A city for learning, strengthening ones connection to PachaMama, and a reminder to them that one must live a life of honor to touch the heavens.